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IJGMSP (v5:n1)

Volume 5, Number 1


CONTENTS

Pay Satisfaction of Small to Medium sized Enterprise (SME) Owners in Scandinavia and theBaltics: An Examination of Jaque's Equity Construct and Lawler's Discrepancy Measure, Shawn M. Carraher, Sarah C. Carraher and Phil Millage

The Effects of Social Media Exposure on Virtual Team Trust, John Karpiscak and Jean Gordon

Blurred Boundaries: Projects - Programs - Business, Diane Dromgold

Islamic Spirituality Development and Ethical Workplace Conduct: Conceptual Paper, Ismail Abd Rahman, Junaidah Hashim and Faridah Abdul Latif


ABSTRACTS

Pay Satisfaction of Small to Medium sized Enterprise (SME) Owners in Scandinavia and the Baltics : An Examination of Jaque's Equity Construct and Lawler's Discrepancy Measure

Shawn M. Carraher, Ph. D.

shawncarraher@yahoo.com

Sarah C. Carraher, Ph. D.

University of Texas at Dallas, USA

Phil Millage, Ed. D.

Indiana Wesleyan University, USA

Abstract

This study tests a portion of Jaques' theory of equitable payment and compares it with Lawler's Discrepancy measure, using two samples of small to medium sized business owners in the Scandinavian countries of Sweden, Norway, and Finland and the Baltic countries of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. Two samples were surveyed for this paper. The first sample consisted of 546 owners of small to medium sized businesses in the Scandinavian countries of Norway (n = 190), Sweden (n = 174), and Finland (n = 182). The second sample consisted of 611 owners of small to medium sized businesses from the Baltic countries of Lithuania (n = 180), Latvia (n = 210), and Estonia (n = 221). Results generally support Jaques' proposition about who would be satisfied with their pay level and who would be dissatisfied with their pay. However, modifying it to be more linear like Lawler's theory improves its performance. It does substantially better than Lawler's Discrepancy concept.




The Effects of Social Media Exposure on Virtual Team Trust
John Karpiscak and Jean Gordon

Capella University

Abstract

A survey of 29 business school graduate students was conducted to study Virtual Team trust as affected by the use of Social Media (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, others) to test two hypotheses: one, that using social media can assist in the development of the antecedents of Virtual Team Collaboration as defined by Peter and Manz (2007) because Social media orients (or sensitizes) people to develop these qualities, and two, exposure to Social media improves trust in each of the three areas defined by Sarker (2003), with increasing frequency of use. The survey questions were organized around the trust types (Personality-based, Institutionally-based and Cognitively-based), developed by Sarker (2003) as the basis for evaluation. The survey indicated that while variability of outcome existed for each of the three trust types based on frequency of use of social networking, in general, levels of trust tended to improve with increasing exposure to social media.



Blurred Boundaries: Projects - Programs - Business
Diane Dromgold

RNC Global Projects
Level 57 19-29 Martin Place, Sydney NSW 2000
ddromgold@rncglobal.com
+61419622649

Abstract

This paper considers the widespread use of the matrix as an organisational structure and management tool. It asks the questions, where did it come from? Where is it taught? How to succeed with it? It then proposes a way to succeed within it.

Keywords: Matrix management; management; project management; program management



Islamic Spirituality Development and Ethical Workplace Conduct: Conceptual Paper
Ismail Abd Rahman

International Business School,
University Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur,
Jalan Semarak 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Email: m-ismail@utm.my, iarahman@gmail.com
Phone: +603-21805067 Fax: +603-21805608

Junaidah Hashim

Department of Business Administration,
Kulliyyah of Economics & Management Sciences,
International Islamic University Malaysia,
Jalan Gombak 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Email: junaidahh@iium.edu.my
Phone: +603-61964713
Fax: +603- 61964644

Faridah Abdul Latif

Department of Finance
Kulliyyah of Economics & Management Sciences,
International Islamic University Malaysia,
Jalan Gombak 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Email: faridah.alatif@gmail.com

Abstract

Many organisations are conducting trainings for their employees to improve their work skills and development. However, trainings on developing their spiritual aspect are being emphasised. Several studies have shown that spirituality in the workplace could increase work behaviour and moral values. This paper reviews Islamic spirituality development programmes in Malaysia, as well as workplace ethical conduct based on Islamic perspective. This paper proposes a conceptual model showing the relationships between Islamic spirituality development programmes, akhlaq, and workplace ethical conduct by reviewing the theory of human capital, human resource development, and human resource development from Islamic perspective. This paper also reviews existing literature on spirituality at workplace and workplace ethical conduct. The study might contribute towards enhancing the field of human resource development, specifically in the aspect spirituality development.