Name Email-Id Text

IJGMS (v2:n1)

Volume 2, Number 1


The Academic Exception to the Incumbent's Curse. Myrowitz & Fugate.
The Impact of Individualism and Collectivism on Firm's Internal Capabilities and External Networks. Berte.
Barriers to the Adoption of Foreign Production Technologies: An Empirical Analysis. Carpano & Martin.


The Academic Exception to the Incumbent's Curse
Jason M. Myrowitz

W.P. Carey School of Business
Arizona State University
PO Box 874006
Tempe, Arizona 85287-4006 Faith M. Fugate
Accounting & Information Systems
College of Business Administration
University of Nevada, Reno/0026
Reno, NV 89557


Numerous scholars have suggested that business research is hindered by the incremental nature of academic scholarship. To trace who is the most culpable for retarding radical research, I apply the framework of the incumbent's curse to academia. The incumbent's curse states that new entrants are more likely than established firms to produce radical innovation. Mixed support for the theory implies that there may be an important dimension being overlooked in this relationship and we may benefit from exploring a novel industry setting. By distinguishing between radically innovative and incremental journal articles (N=975), I trace the origin of the most innovative research papers to determine that incumbents have a strong advantage in academia. I conclude that the curse may not apply in academia and that radically new ideas may be the result of many formative years first conducting incremental research.

The Impact of Individualism and Collectivism on Firm's Internal Capabilities and External Networks
Erica Berte

Indiana University - Purdue University Columbus
4601 Central Avenue, Columbus, IN, USA


This study aims to identify the impact of individualism and collectivism in the development of internal capabilities and external networks of Technology Based Start-Up Firms (TBSF). We conducted a multiple case study, with multiple units of analysis. The data were collected through unstructured, in-depth interviews and via a semi-structured, questionnaire interview. The data analysis confirmed our assumption that in individualistic cultures it is easier for TBSF to develop internal capabilities than in collectivistic cultures. We also found that in collectivistic cultures is easier for TBSF to develop external networks than in individualistic cultures.

Keywords:Cross-cultural studies, Technology-Based Start-up Firms, Individualism-Collectivism.

Barriers to the Adoption of Foreign Production Technologies: An Empirical Analysis
Claudio Carpano

Department of Management - The Belk College of Business
The University of North Carolina at Charlotte
1704 East Blvd., Charlotte, NC 28203
Mary C. Martin Department of Management and Marketing
College of Business and Leadership
Fort Hays State University
Hays, KS 67601


This study contributes to our understanding of the factors that influence firms' abilities to adopt innovative foreign production technologies. The conceptual foundation of this research is rooted in the literature on organizational innovation and in the resource-based view of the firm. Regression analysis performed on a sample of companies competing in the U.S. furniture industry suggests that perceived obstacles to adoption and knowledge of the technology are factors influencing firms' decisions to adopt innovation in production technology.

Keywords: Resources, Innovation, International Competition